Sofiane Baba HEC Montréal Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Title: Sustainable Corporate–Community Relations and Social Acceptance of Major Projects Abstract: Given the numerous controversies surrounding large development projects, such as infrastructure projects or the exploitation of natural resources, and within a context where the dichotomy between economic growth and development is increasingly challenged and apparent, the social license to operate has become a vital issue. Frequently presented as a managerial concept, the social license to operate has received considerable attention in the academic sphere in recent years, where the concept is at the heart of a plethora of definitions and typologies. This emerging research field, however, has several limitations that complicate its theorization and conceptualization as a scientific subject. First, the current literature suffers from a limited theoretical foundation and methodological perspectives. Second, few studies have questioned the importance of the social license to operate as a vector of local resilience at the economic, socio-cultural, environmental, and institutional levels. Finally, the institutional dimension—that is, the capacity of local populations to organize and structure their local environment to voice their concerns to proponents—is absent from debates on the social license to operate, yet I believe that it is crucial, especially in Indigenous contexts. To confront these challenges, the thesis will consist of three papers—one conceptual and two empirical—with the objective of overcoming these three limitations and strengthening the social license to operate field of research while contributing to the broader literature on CSR.