Bettina Hartmann University of St.Gallen Contact: email@example.com Title: How to Achieve Organizational Justice for Stakeholders Abstract: The responsibility of corporations to create value for society has been researched for quite some time and it remains an active area for research. Stakeholder theory, which is largely concerned with value creation, includes both the normative as well as the strategic perspective (Donaldson & Preston, 1995; Freeman, 1984; Sachs & Rühli, 2013). In addition to the focus on value creation, stakeholder theory is also concerned with value distribution to stakeholders. This is where organizational justice comes into the picture. Organizational justice is concerned with how value is justly distributed within companies. Most research on organizational justice has focused on justice towards employees. Research has found that organizational justice has three components: (1) distributive justice, (2) procedural justice and (3) interactional justice (Cropanzano, Bowen, & Gilliland, 2007). If these three components are present, employees feel that they are treated in a just way and they are satisfied with their jobs. They trust in the company and are motivated to contribute their share to the success of the company. Stakeholder researchers have started to include this concept of organizational justice. Nevertheless, no empirical research has analyzed distributive justice with regards to all stakeholders, leaving a big research gap in literature. In my research proposal, I first define who the stakeholders are and which responsibilities the company has towards them. Second, I describe the purpose of the firm, which is to create value for its stakeholders. Third, I give a brief overview on the scientific discussion whether stakeholder theory is normative and/or strategic. Fourth, I describe what it means to create value for stakeholders and how it is distributed. Fifth, I elaborate on the specificities of the relationships of a company with its stakeholders. They are characterized by trust and reciprocity or the lack thereof. I further describe how the company is part of a network and cannot be isolated from its surroundings. Sixth, I describe the concept of organizational justice with its three components as mentioned above. This leads me to the identification of the research gap: it is not entirely clear what it means to create value for stakeholders and how distributive justice contributes to the satisfaction of all stakeholders. In the last section, I define my research question and my research design. To answer my research question: “How is organizational justice with regards to stakeholders of a company achieved?”, I propose to apply a case study method. Case research is a suitable method to answer “how” questions and to gain in-depth information on phenomena (Eisenhardt, 1989; Yin, 2009).