Lan Wang Boston University Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Title: A Converted Time Thief or a Voluntary Help Giver: Antecedents and Consequences of Employees’ Time Allocation for Part-time Crowdsourcing in M-healthcare Abstract: The digital revolution has given rise to new organizational forms (such as sharing economy, crowdsourcing, gamification, and online Q&A communities), which enables individuals to work across time and space boundaries. Such changing nature of work is likely to present traditional organizations with unique ethics management challenges that their full-time employees may spend time on working for these virtual communities during their scheduled work hours, a kind of workplace deviance called time theft. Despite increasing amount of theoretical and empirical studies on workplace deviance, the literature continues to be dominated by a highly individualistic perspective on ethical behaviors and decision making. In contrast, my core argument is that employees’ time allocation for part-time crowdsourcing, which includes both substitute time allocation (time theft) and complement time allocation (time sacrifice), is a socially contagious process that by social interaction and exposure to others’ behaviors, thoughts and feelings in both virtual communities and physical organizations, the action of which hours people work for virtual communities spreads and is maintained in different networks or groups; that is, despite individual differences in motivation to participate in virtual communities, individuals are more likely to be influenced by ethical culture and peers, thus forming different clusters and patterns. In turn, these different patterns may impact individuals’ reputation, psychological well-being, work-life balance, as well as the performance of a given cluster. I would test my theory with a unique longitudinal archival dataset from four comparable virtual communities in mobile-healthcare industry with a 2 by 2 research design (ethics codes and ethical climates: China vs. US, and caring climate vs. self-interested climate), as well as survey and interview to know more about this broad trend facilitated by the internet. My study would have theoretical and practical implications for business ethics, crowdsourcing, healthcare, and the management of boundaryless work.